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Grammar

Borrowed Words Declension

Masculine nouns of Latin and Greek origin ending in -us, -os, -es in the nominative singular lose their endings -us (-os, -es) and connect Czech endings to the original word stem. Similarly, Latin neuters ending in -um omit the ending -um in indirect cases and connect Czech endings to the original stem. Neuter nouns of Greek origin ending in -ma connect Czech endings to the original Greek stem -mat-:

singular plural singular plural singular plural
nominative virus viry kritérium kritéria trauma traumata
genitive viru virů kritéria kritérií traumatu traumat
dative viru virům kritériu kritériím traumatu traumatům
accusative virus viry kritérium kritéria trauma traumata
vocative vire viry kritérium kritéria trauma traumata
locative (o) viru (o) virech (o) kritériu (o) kritériích (o) traumatu (o) traumatech
instrumental virem s viry kritériem kritérii traumatem traumaty
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