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Grammar

The genitive singular (2nd case singular) - standard Czech

Ma - masculine animate
Mi - masculine inanimate
F - feminine
N - neuter
similar forms of the pronouns and the adjectives
Case1 Pronouns2 Adjectives3 Nouns4
Context Example kdo, co ten, ta, to můj, moje -ý adjectives (hard)
The nominative singular ending in
-í adjectives (soft)
The nominative singular ending in
1st declension group
The nominative singular ending in konsonant/konsonant without a "háček" (hook)*, -a, -o
2nd declension group**
The nominative singular ending in a consonant with a "háček" (hook), -e/-ě***, -c, -j, -tel, -el, -ev
3rd declension group
The nominative singular ending in -a, -st,
genitive
Jdu z/do/od...
koho?
čeho?
toho
toho

toho
mého
mého
mojí/mé
mého
nového
nového
nové
nového
moderního
moderního
moderní
moderního
studenta
obchodu, lesa
školy
kina
muže
počítače
restaurace, kanceláře
parkoviště
kolegy
-
místnosti
nádraží

Attention:

  1. Some masculine inanimate nouns of the 1st declension group have the ending -a (vzor les). They include e.g. some month names (od ledna, února, března...), other time expressions (do čtvrtka, od oběda), some names of cities and countries (do Londýna, do Egypta), same place names (do lesa, kolem světa, u rybníka) and other nouns (kousek chleba a sýra).
  2. Some nouns have stem alternations in their declined forms (pes – bez psa, dům – do domu).
  3. Some masculine names ending in -y or -i/-í are declined as the adjective moderní (Jiří – bez Jiřího, Johnny – bez Jonnyho). Feminine names ending in -y, -i, -o or a consonant are not declined (Ivy – bez Ivy, Maiako – bez Maiako, Carmen – bez Carmen).

* Some masculine animate nouns (often the proper names) and exceptionally also masculine inanimate nouns ending in -l, -s, -z, -x (e.g. král, cíl, Klaus, Francouz, Felix) belong to the 2nd declension group and they are declined like the paradigm muž/počítač.

** Several masculine nouns ending in -tel, -c (e.g. hotel, kostel, tác) belong to the 1st declension group. Some feminine nouns ending in a consonant belong to the 3rd declension group (very often ending in -ost, -st, see the paradigm místnost). But: some feminine nouns (e.g. věc, řeč) are declined like místnost and others (e.g. moc, pomoc, nemoc, noc, myš, smrt, sůl, paměť, zeď, odpověď, loď) vary between the paradigms kancelář and místnost.

*** A small group of neuter nouns ending in -e/-ě which denote some animals (zvíře, prase, kuře...) and food (rajče) has a special declension, e.g. in the genitive singular kuřete. Few masculine animate nouns ending in -e (e.g. soudce) are declined except for the vocative singular like the paradigm muž, e.g. in the genitive singular soudce.

Do you find the paradigm chart complicated? Try to remember model sentences for the adjectives and nouns in the genitive singular (1st and 2nd declension groups):
Jdu od nového moderního studenta a muže.
Jdu z/do nového moderního obchodu, nové moderní školy a restaurace a nového moderního kina.

You can find the summarizing chart of all cases in singular with more explanations here.

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