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Grammar

The nominative singular (1st case singular) - standard Czech

Ma - masculine animate
Mi - masculine inanimate
F - feminine
N - neuter
Case1 Pronouns2 Adjectives3 Nouns4
Context Example kdo, co ten, ta, to můj, moje -ý adjectives (hard)
The nominative singular ending in
-í adjectives (soft)
The nominative singular ending in
1st declension group
The nominative singular ending in konsonant/konsonant without a "háček" (hook)*, -a, -o
2nd declension group**
The nominative singular ending in a consonant with a "háček" (hook), -e/-ě***, -c, -j, -tel, -el, -ev
3rd declension group
The nominative singular ending in -a, -st,
nominative
To je...
kdo
co
ten
ten
ta
to
můj
můj
moje/má
moje/mé
nový
nový
nová
nové
moderní
moderní
moderní
moderní
student
obchod
škola
kino
muž
počítač
restaurace, kancelář
parkoviště
kolega
-
místnost
nádraží

* Some masculine animate nouns (often the proper names) and exceptionally also masculine inanimate nouns ending in -l, -s, -z, -x (e.g. král, cíl, Klaus, Francouz, Felix) belong to the 2nd declension group and they are declined like the paradigm muž/počítač.

** Several masculine nouns ending in -tel, -c (e.g. hotel, kostel, tác) belong to the 1st declension group. Some feminine nouns ending in a consonant belong to the 3rd declension group (very often ending in -ost, -st, see the paradigm místnost). But: some feminine nouns (e.g. věc, řeč) are declined like místnost and others (e.g. moc, pomoc, nemoc, noc, myš, smrt, sůl, paměť, zeď, odpověď, loď) vary between the paradigms kancelář and místnost.

*** A small group of neuter nouns ending in -e/-ě which denote some animals (zvíře, prase, kuře...) and food (rajče) has a special declension, e.g. in the nominative singular kuře. Few masculine animate nouns ending in -e (e.g. soudce) are declined except for the vocative singular like the paradigm muž, e.g. in the nominative singular soudce.

Do you find the paradigm chart complicated? Try to remember model sentences for the adjectives and nouns in the nominative singular (1st and 2nd declension groups)::
To je nový moderní student a muž.
To je nový moderní obchod, nová moderní škola a restaurace a nové moderní kino.

You can find the summarizing chart of all cases in singular with more explanations here.

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